focus group discussion methodology
In this type of focus group discussion, researchers recruit some of, is thought to impact on the dynamics of the group by influencing par, ticipantsâ answers, thereby increasing the chances of varied and more, Under these circumstances, researchers, adaptation of traditional methods. and N.M. inter, The manuscript does not include any primary data. analyzed conversational narratives that were elicited in a group process while sharing photos of important people, contexts, and situations, showcasing participants' exploration of sexuality and relationships. Hence the need to evaluate such perceptions, tion decision making (Redpath et al., 2004). Knowledge and use, Heary, C. M., & Hennessy, E. (2002). Understanding Focus Groups. spiritual, cultural, economic and ethical) knowledge sources and (b) developing durable knowledge generation and curation platforms to co-ordinate long-term research efforts. Involves two moderators working together, This involves two moderators who purposefully take opposing sides. which can be useful in some instances (Krippendorff, 2012). Create a script so the moderator knows what to ask and which topics to cover 7. A group of 6-10 people, usually 8, meet to explore and discuss a topic, such as a new product. Important note: If youâre hoping to do serious journal-worthy qualitative analysis, this post might not be for you. 1 0 obj Finally, we propose a set of guidelines for combining science-based and values-based reasoning in decision-making via localised governance structures. Focus Group Discussions . The nominal group technique (NGT) is a qualitative method to elicit judgement from stakeholders. Decide on the range of topics you would like to cover before the session 2. 4. relationships between and among categories (Miles & Huberman, documenting the value of indigenous knowledge s, We identified 170 papers (henceforth studies with references, negotiation and evaluation of research problems and findings between. The advantages of using focus groups over other methods of qualitative analysis are many.A focus group is a The. NGT is quite flexible and has been used in combination with a range of techniques (surveys, with the Delphi method and with multi-criteria analysis, as well as with the collection of ecological data). Presently, there is limited or no incorporation of indigenous knowledge (IK) in the Mathematics curriculum in Technical Vocational and Educational Training (TVET) Colleges at NQF Level 4 National Certificate Vocational (NVC). Important skills that a group moderator should possess 3. In research, focus group discussions (FGD) are a more formal way of getting groups of people to discuss selected issues. This is the last post in a three-part series on designing, conducting, and analyzing results from focus groups. Under such circumstances, focus gr, & Kincheloe, 2004, p. 4). First, this study analyzed related literature review, case studies, and inquiry based class models for seeking better applicable design and development modes. Having Social Constructivism Theory (SCT) as the Theoretical Framework that guided the study, the research extended its investigation by adopting Participatory Research (PR) as the methodology that guided the discussions amongst 10 co-researchers through Focus Group discussions on how to adapt the current classroom teachings into IK-integrated lessons. The main characteristic of a focus group is the interaction between the moderator and the group, as well as the interaction between group members. <> Group discussion, conducted several times until similar trends and patterns in perception, attitudes, ideas are shown. conducted the review. We detail the structure and function of a single knowledge ecosystem (forecasting spread and impacts), and document two case studies to illustrate how knowledge ecosystems might (a) increase participation of individual researchers within long-term research efforts, and (b) facilitate inclusion of non-researchers in developing a common knowledge base. Local communities are inextricably tied to their. We found that dependability and credibility were reasonably well reported, albeit poorly evolved in relation to critical aspects of qualitative social science such as methodology and triangulation, including reflexivity. This paper reviews its application in the field of ecology and conservation. Focus group dis-cussion is a technique where a researcher assembles a group of indi-viduals to discuss a specific topic, aiming to draw from the complex personal experiences, beliefs, perceptions and attitudes of the par-ticipants through a moderated interaction (Cornwall & Jewkes, 1995; Rooted in a Philippine state university experience, this qualitative study employs phenomenological research design to explore the role of pedagogical belief on the use of ICT tools in the teaching-learning activities among the educators who are teaching courses in a teacher education institution. Focus groups are generally used to collect data on a specific topic. Get a verified writer to help you with Focus group discussion. This paper is concerned with a particular type of group meeting: a focused group interview or focus group. It is performed by planned discussion and interview with a small group of people conducted by a moderator. causes of deforesta, tion). Sexuality Research and Social Policy: Journal of NSRC. are aware of and beginning to use technology to enhance their meetings, there has been very little research exploring electronic focus groups. The versatility and ease of use of the technique is, where the bolded number is the median average number, Consequently, researchers must be clear on where it is appropriate, and recruited as well as the relationship between sampling and repre, resource exploitation. Development options imagined by locals are inseparable from contemporary politics of transfrontier conservation area governance requiring researchers to shift roles from being catalysts and knowledge brokers to facilitators of learning and negotiation. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a method of data collection which is frequently used to collect in-depth qualitative data in various descriptive studies such as case studies, phenomenological and naturalistic studies). A moderator or interviewer facilitates the discussion and creates an environment that promotes the communication â¦ analysis and (4) reporting of results (Morgan et al., 1998). The dynamics of the focus group can have a hugely positive influence on the quality of the research output. â¢ The focus group needs to be appropriate for the type of participants in the group. focus group discussion is a commonly used method. Although approaches, should be the impact on the discussion. A focus group has defined scope and objectives. Thus, this approach would provide for a more relevant inclusion of knowledge that would cater for indigenous students from all cultural groupings in the diverse South African society. (2008). Focus groups are a commonly used methodology to explore ideas in a group setting with a researcher acting as moderator. been widely used in conservation research over the last two decades. We suggest that viewing knowledge ecologies as an integrated collection of distinct knowledge ecosystems offers a promising approach for identifying, generating, curating and integrating the knowledge sources needed to improve management of chronic biological invasions. The facilitator is the person guiding the discussion. ensure that the issues under discussion are addressed comprehen, the topic of discussion including some basic information on the, discussion but should demonstrate some degree of ânaÃ¯vetÃ©â to, changes in the discussion guide, adjust to participantsâ requests, should keep a keen eye out to spot and address such biases in the, between the research question asked, results obtained and subse, biodiversity research. FGD, or also known as the group interviewing method can be based on structured, semi-structured, or unstructured interviews [15,16] and can generate data [17,18,19] which can be both descriptive and explanatory, ... Francis, and Cheah  likewise argued that one way of identifying the mechanism of a potential moderator is through discussion with experts in the area under study, and that qualitative data is also a necessary avenue to discover and recommend pertinent potential moderating effect but is otherwise verifiably tested in the field of study. Hilsa was found to be moderately vulnerable to gillnet fishing. This study shows that pedagogical belief plays a role with performance expectancy and effort expectancy in influencing an educator's behavioral intention to use technology. The screening process resulted in 170 articles, the majority of which (67%, n = 114,) were published between 2011 and 2017. We use exotic conifer invasions in New Zealand as an example. A. A focus group discussion is a qualitative data collection method that engages 6 to 12 peopleâwith shared characteristics pertinent to the specific discussion topicâand is led by a trained facilitator. Carry out a focus group study if you want to understand peopleâs views and experiences. D. A. Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a research method in the social sciences, with a particular emphasis and application in the developmental program evaluation sphere (Doody, Slevin, & Taggart, 2013). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications Inc. Morgan, D. L., Krueger, R. A., & King, J. Dos and donâts of a positive focus group experience 5. The data generation instrument was Focus Group Discussions (FGD), the choice of data collection instrument was done in support of, ... Focus group discussions (FGDs) are frequently used in research as a qualitative approach for attaining an in-depth understanding of an issue of interest, The aim of this project is to provide a "how to" on a range of techniques which can be used for decision making. The topic of this video is Focus Group Discussion Methodology-II. The Focus Group (FG) has been actually employed by marketing, and is becoming importanct also in other areas; such as, education, health, management, decision-making, and information systems, among others. All rights reserved. The focus of each researcher's note-taking efforts might be different (e.g. (2003) used Nominal Group Technique (a more structured and narrow version of focus-group methodology) to explore student experiences of ï¬eldwork. 1. Most of the studies, common theme related to the understanding of peopleâs perspectives, pretation and legitimisation of biodiversity, provided insights into their perceptions on climate and environmental, production systems such as oil sands production, ecotourism and for, tion of nature. During a focus group, a group of individualsâusually 6-12 peopleâis brought together in a room to engage in a guided discussion â¦ <> In a brief time the moderator must create a thoughtful, permissive atmosphere, provide ground rules, and set the tone of the discussion. other and the facilitator(s) (Sampson, 1972). (1988) Focus Group as qualitative research. The Focus Group Discussion (FGD) Report is based on findings from 17 FGDs and one international 1325 expert conference, held in 16 countries with over 200 participants.1 The report informs the Global Study on Women, Peace and Security, called by UNSCR 2122 to "highlight examples of good practice, implementation gaps and Today researchers have a variety of choices in analyzing focus group data, and these generally fall â¦ The study was conducted in Sengwe Communal lands, an area that falls within the Great, In this paper, we examine the ways that early adolescents talked, interacted, and made references to events in their individual and collective lives during photography-based focus groups about sexuality and relationships. Barriers and enablers that key in selecting the most suitable renewable energy sources for developing economies for the renewable energy development have been identified from extensive analyses of research documents alongside qualitative data from the focus group discussions (FGD). It is also a good method to employ prior to designing questionnaires. Focus groups: tions of pedagogy, politics, and inquiry. <> This paper contributes to contemporary debates on novel approaches to promote engagement with communities for improving biodiversity conservation and livelihoods in emerging transfrontier conservation areas. Advantages and Disadvantages of Focus Groups in Research. A great deal of the skepticism about the value of focus groups probably arises from the by both researchers and practitioners across different disciplines (e.g. In case if multiple countries wer, 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014, constructions to drive environmental objectives and understanding, nature constructions based on age and location, for. The method aims to obtain data from a purposely selected group of individuals rather than from a statistically representative sample of a broader population. Conducting focus groups 7. The next step is to identify a convenient venue for the discussion. Our analysis revealed four main themes: (a) direct and indirect family communication about sexuality, (b) accidental and intentional Internet usage, (c) shared and contested peer knowledge, and (d) school as a direct and indirect learning context. Focus group discussions are becoming an increasingly popular methodology in primary healthcare research. Articulating what it is that you expect to get out of focus-group research requires time We reviewed and summarized elements of quality that could be used by reviewers and readers to evaluate qualitative research (dependability, credibility, confirmability, and transferability); assessed the prevalence of these elements in research published in ecology and conservation journals; and explored the implications of sound qualitative research reporting for applying research findings. It implies that the exploitation rate associated with overfishing corresponds to the vulnerability scores. wide range of disciplines including education (Flores & Alonso, 1995). analysis (Charmaz, 2006; Glaser, 1978, 1992; Glaser, a focus group discussion since it affords the researcher an, and the one step involving the ethnographic analysis that, the researcher eliminates, combines or subdivides, mit a detailed interpretative account of the everyday social processes. Focus group discussion sessions lasted for 90 (median) minutes. 4 0 obj The making of men: Masculinities, sexualities and, Qualitative research and motivation research. Focus groups rely on interaction within the group based on topics that are supplied by the researcher. Note â¦ Focus Group Weaknesses As with any research method, focus groups are not without weaknesses. First, we reviewed all the research âquestionsâ and âpurposesâ, spectives) and descriptions of the attributes (e.g. All content in this area was uploaded by Tobias Nyumba on Jan 11, 2018, Evolution Â© 2018 British Ecological Society. Two key challenges to resolving this problem are: (a) integrating science-based and values-based (e.g. It is applied within the online envi, pants with access to the Internet and are prone to technical problems. intimidation or influence by dominant or aggressive participants (179). We begin by identifying knowledge sources (stakeholder values, forecasts of invader spread and impacts, management technologies and operational logistics) to guide the high-level actions (governance framework design, selection of ethical management technologies, definition of long-term objectives, design of management strategies and operational plans implementing strategies) required for management of chronic invasions. Four main themes emerged from the review: understanding of people's perspectives regarding conservation (32%), followed by the assessment of conservation and livelihoods practices (21%), examination of challenges and impacts of resource management interventions (19%) and documenting the value of indigenous knowledge systems (16%). Our result also revealed that around 55 % of inland bycatch and 42 % of marine bycatch is associated with overfishing (vulnerability score > 1.8). You use a focus group in qualitative research. The literature also reiterated the place of positivism/post-positivism paradigm (quantitative approach) in interrogating these social issues. Most NGT studies have been applied at local level. to the venue, and levels of distraction (Smith. Pretest questions to ensure they are clear and logical 3. Next, we propose a transdisciplinary knowledge ecology framework where each knowledge source is represented by a separate knowledge generation and curation platform (i.e. searcher thereby takes a peripheral, rather than a centre-, Hohenthal, Owidi, Minoia, & Pellikka, 2015; Johnson, 1996; Kitzinger, most people derive their notions, mental constructions and interpr, discussion technique based on a review of its application in conserva, the technique and then provide an overview of the different forms of, Focus group discussion consists of four major steps as shown. A good moderator will know how to conduct a focus group discussion with the goal of stimulating a spirited discussion among the participants. Focus groups are group discussions conducted with the participation of 7 to 12 people to capture their experiences and views regarding specific issues closely related to research question(s). This tool rapidly and cost-effectively assists in identifying the potential risk of a fishing type regarding its bycatch stocks. Information about. Depending on the research objective, the Focus Group can â¦ The composition of, 1995). Yet, a lack of awareness of the scope and uncertainty about the purpose of the conservation social sciences impedes the conservation community's effective engagement with the human dimensions. Focus group discussion is frequently used as a qualitative approach to gain an in-depth understanding of social issues. the studies reviewed can be found in the appendices. 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