cichlid fish types
Size: 3 1/2” Temperament: Peaceful. Sponge Filters: When Should You Prefer Them? This means they keep the fertilized eggs in their mouth for the 21 days before hatching. They’re the most compressed cichlids available, even more so than angelfish. Kribensis are one of the most colorful cichlid subspecies. As such, they’re not great for beginners. Most other Malawi cichlids are safe, but NOT African peacocks. While cichlids differ, they all share one common feature: pharyngeal jaws. Convict cichlids get their name from the bands of black and white down their sides, mimicking stereotypical “jailbirds.”. As long as the cichlid species you choose is fairly peaceful and doesn’t tend to prey on smaller fish, it can be considered for a community tank. The extra nitrogen load means keeping up with cleaning and filtration. However, they can be quite aggressive in nature, especially when breeding, which can make them unsuitable for most community tanks. Their trailing fins pose a temptation to other fish, too, so watch your angels in community tanks. Unless you want to replace your greenery frequently, use hardy species in your aquarium: Make sure you keep the other end of that omnivore habit in mind when choosing tank mates. In the wild, they keep to themselves, though they tolerate each other in captivity. As aggressive carnivores, they don’t play nicely with others, either. You should also ask the pet store, private seller, or online vendor where you bought the fish to describe the conditions your kribensis were previously kept in. In comparison to African cichlids, New World cichlids make up around 570 species. What Other Fish Can Live with African Cichlids Are you looking for a species of fish that will be compatible with African Cichlids? The list of tank mates for this subspecies is admittedly quite limited, due to their aggressive temperament. Never fear! When choosing your cichlid, plan tank size accordingly. Tuberculosis: You DON’T want to see this in your tank; it’s not only fatal, but it’s also HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS. These ocelli are suggested to limit fin-nipping by piranhas, a species that is often found alongside these fish in the wild. Hexamita: Another parasite, brought on by poor water quality. Overall, these hardy fish do well in aquariums. Copyright © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); – FishCareGuide.com, 9 Best Types Of Cichlids For Your Aquarium, The 10 Best Schooling Fish For Your Aquarium, 12 Of The Coolest Different Types Of Goldfish. Their bodies are made up of a lovely... Mbuna Cichlid. So there needs to be a group of over 6 fish. The content of this website is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice. These Central American cichlids are often advertised as being very community-friendly. Usually, this only happens if a foreign fish has accidentally crossed into their territory or if they’re in combat. Fish information and habitats for large Cichlid aquariums, types of cichlids like the Parrot Cichlid, Firemouth cichlid, Green Terror, Oscar, Texas Cichlid and more. Make sure you provide this subspecies with many hiding places and a sandy substrate that they can dig into. Keep up with proper water quality, and they’ll stay happy and healthy. (That’s right, your oscar can learn to roll over!). So long as their water conditions stay stable, kribs remain undemanding for everyone to care for. Scientists estimate around 1300 species of African cichlids. Likewise, tank mates shouldn’t be extremely active or too small. The liberifer will reach a size of around 8 inches. So long as you have a male and female, odds are you’ll end up with baby convicts in the tank. © Loïc Tremblay. This will prevent accidental uprooting. You’ll need to watch your ammonia levels as a result. The top 10 cichlid species listed above are excellent additions to the community tank, but they are not your only options. Next come the Haplochromis and then the most aggressive are the Mbuna Cichlids. They will try their best to uproot any plants you put in their tank, as well as move around driftwood and rocks. The bottom pharyngeal bone fused into a single tooth-bearing structure manipulated by strong muscles to function as a second set of jaws. Some freshwater cichlids, particularly the tilapia, are eaten as food, while many other subspecies are beloved by fish hobbyists. Not all plants will appreciate these parameters, however, so choose aquarium plants with caution. The majority of cichlids lean toward omnivorous habits. Males grow larger than females and have more pointed fins. With such diverse ancestors, it’s no wonder cichlids vary so much in color, shape, and personality. African cichlids are robust, making them ideal choices for beginning aquarists. This species (pictured above) is sometimes called the Yellow devil as males can be extremely aggressive and hard on females. In this article, we’ll break down all the types, their advantages and disadvantages, and help you to understand which may be the ideal match for you. Angelfish still remain one of the most popular cichlids among aquarists – even today. These particular flukes coat the gills in slime, interfering with your cichlid’s breathing. Cichlids are one of the most popular aquarium fish — and for good reason. They can actually change their coloration at will to intimidate other fish. Endemic to Central America, they’ve since become invasive species around the world. Some guard their eggs in caves, while others mouthbrood. ), though only around 1800 currently have descriptions. You WILL need to spend a little more for these fish than most tropical species. If you want to save, opt for a juvenile, and wait a few months for the colors to come in. Electric Blue Cichlid/Electric Blue Hap (Sciaenochromis fryeri) Difficulty: Easy. As their name may suggest, jewel cichlids truly are the jewels of the aquarium world. On the flip side, they startle easily, panicking at shadows and fast movements. We earn commission for purchases made through our links. Whether you’re interested in a particular color, shape, pattern, or even breeding style, there’s a cichlid for you. You should also provide them with a thick, sandy substrate that allows them to sift for their food. Over 3,000 subspecies of cichlid fish are known to exist worldwide, with more and more subspecies being discovered every year – making them the largest family of fish in existence. Peacocks are the least aggressive of the Malawi Cichlids. Whether you opt for African or New World cichlids, similarities emerge. They get along well with characins, barbs, danios, and rasboras, adding a great splash of color to your tank. They should be kept in large groups of up to 20 fish per tank, with at least two females to every male. You can also have sturdy plants along the bottom, but try to find ones that don’t grow into the substrate. If you don’t keep up with water conditions (especially ammonia), they WILL deteriorate. There are numerous types of Ram cichlids that are found and developed in Asia as a hobby for fish keeping. They prefer a lot of open space for swimming, but they also need caves for hiding, sleeping, and breeding. These cichlids are easy for both beginners and accomplished aquarists. They also grow FAST. This strange trait is mostly due to their teeth sitting deep in their throat, which can make it difficult for them to eat whole meals. Central American cichlids, in particular, display territoriality and predatory instincts. Fishtankadvisor.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Choosing the Perfect Liner for your Pond & Water Garden, Natural pH Control in a Freshwater Aquarium: a Practical Beginners Guide, Protein Skimmer: Ultimate Buying Guide plus 11 Reviews, LED Aquarium Lighting: 11 Great Fixtures for Freshwater, Planted and Reef Tanks. The carnivorous diet doesn’t make water quality easy to maintain, either. The same can be said for choosing suitable tank mates as well. They’re also social and vibrant, enlivening any aquarium. Cichlids are quite the active, durable fish species, and they’ve been a particular favorite of freshwater aquarium enthusiasts over the years. While juveniles do fine in smaller tanks, have a larger aquarium cycled and ready to go for when it’s time to move these cichlids over. Not the cleanest eaters in the world, you need to stay on top of your tank water changes and substrate vacuuming to keep up with the extra bioload. Bolivian rams are members of the dwarf cichlid group. In any event, never overfeed any species of cichlid, as they tend to consume whatever is available. Avoid any fish small enough to become a snack. Let’s take a look at nine of the best cichlids, so you can better decide which cichlid species is right for you! Kribensis are one of the most colorful cichlid subspecies. Wolf cichlid (Parachromis dovii) Also known as Dow’s cichlid, this measures 75cm/30" in males, … Malawi Bloat: Common to African cichlids, this disease causes abdominal swelling, which can result in kidney and liver issues. Keep this in mind when you decorate your tank. If you spot a parrot cichlid that is an unusual color, such as purple or green, you may want to consult with the breeder. They can be a bit more aggressive than your average tropical fishes, though, so not all types of African cichlids will get along well with other tank mates. Just watch them during the breeding season. Bolivian Ram (Mikrogeophagus altispinosus), 9. Cichlids are a diverse family of fish kept in freshwater aquariums and mainly native to tropical water bodies in Africa, and South and Central America. Females watch the fry for about two weeks, and then they’re on their own. The most popular aquarium species come from Lake Malawi as they’re the most colorful. Because cichlids are mostly aggressive, they are generally not community fish and only do best in species tanks. Kribensis is a small, colorful cichlid, tolerant of community tanks. Keeping cichlids from the same region together is also recommended. In the wild, oscars are typically dark-colored with yellow-ringed spots or ocelli on the caudal peduncle and the dorsal fin. Convicts do well with consistent water quality. While these mouthbrooders might make attractive additions to your aquarium, the rest of the world kind of despises them. However, in general, the region you pull your species from will give you a rough idea. The smallest checks in at just 1 inch (3cm) in length, while the largest tops out at close to 2 feet (60cm). As beautiful as angelfish appear, these cichlids ARE aggressive. Juvenile oscars will often have different colorations from their older counterparts, typically preferring to have white and orange wavy stripes and spotted heads. Their bodies are made up of a lovely myriad of colors that can give your tank set-up extra flare. Cichlids vary in their needs, and you should research your desired species before bringing them home. Always verify your species’ needs before introducing them to your aquarium. Flowerhorn cichlids are ornamental aquarium fish noted for their vivid colors and the distinctively shaped heads for which they are named. Overweight fish can lose their beautiful coloration and even die prematurely. Even still, larger Pleco varieties that can handle these same water parameters may prove to be a sound option. All of them hail from just three lakes in east Africa: Lake Malawi, Lake Victoria, and Lake Tanganyika. As such, under gravel filters are a poor choice. Have you tackled the difficult discus? As such, it may be wise to leave them in the hands of more experienced fish keepers. Index of Premium Cichlids This page contains an index of all the Cichlids that are discussed or sold on this website.. Click here to go to another web page that contains several similar Indexes of Tropical Fish, Goldfish and Koi, Scavengers and Catfish, Brackish Water Fishes, and Miscellaneous Critters. The two groups split thousands of years ago, evolving different immune systems. There is no natural habitat from which they originated, so it can be difficult to know the right parameters for them to live in. ), some Amphilophus species, Etroplus, and Uaru species, feed their young with a skin secretion from mucous glands. This subspecies may also be referred to as the tiger oscar, velvet cichlid, or marble cichlid. After all, when placed on the cichlid scale of aggression, they’re at the bottom. These can include logs, caves, and decorative dens, so they can ease into their new surroundings gradually. However, they have a reputation for rearranging the furniture. It is … The Malawi Cichlids are some of the most brilliantly colored fishes. Thanks for supporting our site. As large and aggressive fish, they should be kept in 75 gallon or bigger aquaria and do best in single species tanks, although a few other similarly aggressive cichlids can be successfully kept with them, including most Central American cichlids (Convicts, Firemouths, Jack Dempsey, etc). Unfortunately, there are several misconceptions about oscar care, which are often passed around and can seriously harm this species. African cichlids are considered to be one of the most diverse, intelligent, active and colorful families of freshwater fish in the modern aquarium hobby. Don’t be surprised to find them uprooting your plants and decorations and moving them around the tank. These fish zoom around tanks (in addition to rooting around decorations). Just make sure you monitor water quality carefully to prevent disease or stress. Firemouths earn their name for the bright red patterns they display during breeding. Similar to the peacock cichlid, they lean toward the meaty side of the omnivore palate. Here’s a video explaining more about owning cichlid species. They’re also HIGHLY territorial, so break up their sightlines with decorations and rocks to prevent excessive aggression toward tank mates. The number of cichlid species identified in the wild is well over 1,000 and biologists think that many more are waiting to be discovered. Lake Malawi Cichlids 10 Most Popular Freshwater Cichlid Fish 1. Cichlids are easily one of the most popular aquarium fish on the market. The cichlid you select will dictate your tank size and water conditions. While it may be adequate for younger oscars, they will soon outgrow this tank when they reach their full size of 13.5 inches. Many people believe that set-ups as small as 30 gallons are adequate for these cichlids. Malawi Cichlids are one of the most popular tropical fish to keep due to their dazzling colours. Almost entirely captive-bred, the colors are endless. Blue Acara Cichlids are peaceful. Stocking is very important, especially if you want to breed your haps: three females per male prevents stress during the mating season. Consider bringing an oscar into your life. The preferred temperature range varies depending on the type between 22 and 30 ° C. Many cichlid behave aggressively towards alien fish, so the welfare is recommended in a species tank. (Not ideal – for you or them). They are from the same group as damselfish, wrasses, surfperches, etc. The cichlid family is incredibly diverse and it is also one of the largest families of vertebrates – there are over 1,600 scientifically described species of cichlid, though it is estimated that that the actual number of cichlids in existence ranges between 2,000 and 3,000. As such, your tank should be at least 120 gallons, especially if you plan to keep a pair of them to breed. Even the most peaceful cichlids could decide to munch on tiny tank mates. Share your story here! It’s possible that your fish has been dyed. True to cichlid reputation, jewels like to dig, so provide them with a sandy substrate that won’t injure them in their excavations. Cichlids appreciate water flow in their tanks. Hatchetfish from the genus Carnegiella make excellent tank mates for discus. Not content with just the tank, they spy on the entire room to see what’s going on. Sizes usually range from 4 to 6 inches. They originated in... Parrot Cichlid. With 11 species to choose from, you’re sure to find a pattern of colors you’ll want to add to your aquarium. It is believed that most Cichlids will get along with fish species such as Tetra, and Corydoras Catfish, just to mention a few. Unhappily, oscars grow FAST. With no preferences in their diet, they’re a cinch to feed. Topping out at around 12 inches (33cm), they need A LOT of room. A big male can be up to 36cm/14” long, but 30cm/12” is more the norm. For more information, please check our, 3. During spawning, their aggression goes up, so keep an eye on their tank mates. You can buy many varieties of African cichlids at LiveAquaria, a site that delivers quality aquatic life right to your doorstep. Your tank needs to keep a basic pH, with hard water, and plenty of rocks. The larger or more colorful the option, the higher the price. The Cichlidae family is a large and diverse family, with at least 1300 scientifically described species, and more than 160 genera. Who doesn’t recognize the iconic angelfish?g. The best tank mates for your angelfish should be those which don’t nip or fight, as they are slow swimmers. Electric Blue Cichlid/Electric Blue Hap (Sciaenochromis fryeri), 5. (Oops!). They readily greet their keepers and beg them for food when it’s time to eat. Instead, they have a flattened diamond shape accented with long dorsal and anal fins. Lake victoria Lake Victoria cichlids come from Lake Victoria, located in central Africa, across the equator, the largest lake in Africa and the second largest freshwater lake in the world. It has a salmon coloured body with thin blue lines and blue tinged fins. They’ll follow you around, greet you at the aquarium surface, and even learn tricks. Common fish illnesses to watch for include: Unhappily, you can’t mix African and New World cichlids. Fish develop lesions, and their appetites drop off. This will ensure they are living in an environment that is both comfortable and familiar to them. Like discus, it has a flatter and high body style. It is the males that display most of the color while the females often look drab in comparison. The most notable of this latter category include the angelfish, oscars, and discus cichlids. We hope to clarify that here. African Peacock Cichlid (Aulonocara spp. These fish are mouthbrooders, which is always fun to watch. Cichlids are “secondary freshwater” fish. Aquarists love these little fish for their big personalities. Can’t get a dog due to allergies? Browse our latest freshwater fish profiles below. Rams learn to greet you at mealtimes, just as dogs might. If you intend on owning more, however, you’ll need a much larger tank full of ample decorations to hide in, so their territorial behavior is accommodated. Many aquarists have often toyed with the breeding of this already hybrid species, for many different reasons – most of which are cosmetic in nature. Oscars are quite the active subspecies. Cockatoo Cichlid. Malawi Cichlid Haps Fish information on the Lake Malawi Cichlids known as the "Haps", Haplochromis group habitats and cichlids tanks for free-swimming types of cichlids, including the Utaka. A colorful and popular freshwater fish, the Kribensis Cichlid is truly a breed worth considering for your own freshwater aquarium. Considered both a community tank fish and a dwarf cichlid, the Kribensis Cichlid is attractive and interactive, getting along well with most other community species. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. They are an extremely colorful and hardy fish species, which can bring a unique personality to your tank. Otherwise, you could find that new acquisition on the floor. Peacock cichlids are another dazzling cichlid species from Lake Malawi. Paracyprichromis nigripinnis – blue neon cichlid The blue neon cichlid is a very attractive shoaling fish. Do you have a favorite cichlid? If you want to tackle keeping discus, make sure you’re at the top of your game. They tolerate other fish their size, but they’ll bully and attack smaller fish. There are 22 species of peacock cichlids, all hailing from Lake Malawi. Cichlids are found in many locations throughout the world and include such favorites as the freshwater angelfish, the tiger oscar fish and the jack dempsey cichlid. Another severe disease that can infect cichlids is fish tuberculosis. They have rounded, diamond-shaped bodies and large eyes that make them seem more emotive than other types of fish. Certain subspecies may be able to tolerate tank mates, while others need to be kept in separate or very aggression-friendly tanks. Electric Blue Cichlid/Electric Blue Hap (, Just be careful if you have other fish with flowing fins – jewels are known to nip, Their trailing fins pose a temptation to other fish, The Greater the Variety, the Greater the Reward, 1. They average 5 inches (12.7cm) in length, and they DON’T handle stress well. They target smaller tank mates. As such, they thrive in tanks with very hard water and rocky decor that is lime-based or calcareous. Highly infectious, the disease can wipe out an entire tank population within a short period of time. Gill Flukes: Flukes are parasites. All 900 known species of cichlids have a dorsal fin, consisting of a hard spiny and soft spiny part. The best plants for a jewel cichlid set-up include sturdy species like Java fern, Anubias, or anything that can’t be uprooted too easily. It’s ultimately up to you whether you want to give your kribensis cichlids tank mates. Much like the mbuna, peacock cichlids thrive in hard waters that have a high mineral content and pH level. 11 Perfectly Quiet Wave Makers for Great Water Flow, 9 Types of Goldfish You Never Knew You Needed, Getting Systematic – The 10 Best Genera of Beginner Aquarium Plants. All cichlids lay eggs, though care varies among species. (The added oxygen won’t hurt, either). These fish thrive in freshwater rivers, so it’s best to set up your aquarium to reflect this. Cichlids make up one of the most diverse fish groups on the planet. 22 species of peacock cichlids have been described, all from Lake Malawi. Cichlids like to dig in the substrate. Even peaceful species get territorial during the breeding season. Just don’t skimp on the variety! So long as you stay on top of water quality and don’t fall prey to their begging habits (yes, they’re cute when they follow you around – don’t succumb to overfeeding), your cichlids should avoid significant health issues. Electric blue haps have a preference for fish, and they WILL eat smaller tank mates without hesitation. These include fish found in South America, Central America, and a lone species from the United States (the Texas Cichlid). Pelvicachromis pulcher (African) At three to four inches when fully grown, this fish is also classified … Males will often be some mix of blue and orange, as well as possess subtle vertical barring. Any brighter variations you may see are usually the result of selective breeding by aquarists; these do not exist in the wild. This is a true Severum cichlid, so think of a fish with the following characteristics. Since this lake rests over active tectonic plates, the water has high pH, GH (general hardness), mineral, and KH (carbonate hardness) levels. If you plan to keep a single pair of these, an aquarium of at least 30 gallons will work fine. These fish have vertical black and white stripes on their bodies, similar to that of convict uniforms (or zebras).
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